|5.2.9 Palletized cargo|
|The advantage of correctly palletized cargo is that cargo handling can be mechanized and, provided the pallets fit the container, securing can largely be dispensed with. Provisos are that the pallets are sensibly packed, the dimensions of the packed pallets in the lengthwise and crosswise directions each correspond to fractions of the internal container width, length and height and the pallets are stackable. If these conditions are met, and strictly speaking only if they are, can cargo be described as "fully palletized". Many cargo handling and packing companies offer special terms for fully palletized cargoes.
If the packages are strong enough, they can be stacked on top of one another without interlayer dunnage.
If the pallets or goods are more sensitive, interlayer dunnage made of lumber, hardboard, chipboard or similar materials should be put in place to distribute pressure.
Even small gaps and slightly sloppy packing methods can cause the packages to cave in and goods to be damaged. If the pallets delivered are neatly packed and interlayer dunnage is used for packing, such shortcomings can be prevented. Even the smallest gaps must be filled, be it with wooden boards, airbags or, as here, with old pallets.
Every packing gap constitutes a potential risk. Damage can only be prevented by absolutely compact stowage.
The greatest deficiencies which occur when packing palletized cargo are that the pallets are not properly packed and the pallet dimensions are not conformed to the containers used. A few examples follow:
Who could load pallets like this without having to put an unusually large amount of effort into securing them? At the same time, such pallets are in contravention of the dangerous cargo regulations and the CTU packing guidelines. The general introduction to the IMDG Code reads.:
What conclusion would one draw from a comparison of the text of the regulations with reality?
The CTU packing guidelines contain a similar comment under point 4.2.8:
It may be noted also with regard to these requirements that there is general ignorance of the law and of transport safety.
Although this cargo is not palletized, it resembles palletized cargo from the point of view of base and overall treatment. As is clear, appropriate compact stowage can be achieved without much effort.
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